The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

We believe our initiative of mass entrepreneurship and innovation is a response to the call of our time, the government self-targeted reform of streamlining administration and delegating power is also to boost this public enthusiasm for business start-ups and making innovations.

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Apart from India, other BRICS nations -- Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa -- cut down their holdings of American government securities.
"We hold ourselves to a very high standard," Curry said. "We didn't put any pressure on them defensively in the third quarter. We were sloppy on a couple of possessions offensively and gave them life. Those are things we need to improve on. Everyone likes to learn those lessons in wins."
‘Our hope is that the Worst Passwords of the Year list will cause people to take steps to protect themselves online.’

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 家具以旧换新之路更顺畅:明码实价 异地免搬运费 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

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PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

同期,巴西和俄罗斯分别减持到2617亿美元和1089亿美元。
31岁的C罗的足球圈中的死敌、今年一月击败其荣膺世界足球先生的里奥·梅西在2015-2016年度收入5600万英镑,位居第二。
自从2013年以来,前世界第一的泰格·伍兹没有赢过一次锦标赛,由于处于背部手术康复期,他也错过了去年的大部分比赛。但是,单单是泰格·伍兹的名号就能够使他赚得盆满钵满了。通过为耐克和泰特利斯等品牌代言,泰格·伍兹去年赚了3100万英镑,位居榜单第12位。
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Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

Russian President Vladimir Putin says he wants to develop better ties with the United States no matter who wins next year's U.S. presidential election.
狄更斯在《双城记》中描写法国大革命时,距离事件发生已有近一个世纪。而我则是在今年12月就回顾盘点这一年。因此,我在此描述的某些趋势,可能将在可预见的未来继续存在,而另一些趋势则可能已经开始减弱。作为当今时代“最哗众取宠的权威人士”之一,我只要求各位在阅读这篇评论文章时记住一点:过去的业绩并不能保证将来的表现。
Jennifer Lawrence is one of the hottest young actresses in Hollywood right now, so it's no surprise that a lot of men find her to be irresistible.

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这一2018年的大学综合排行榜包含了74个国家和地区的1250所大学,为有史以来数量最多的一次。去年的排行榜中只包含了65个国家的1000所大学。
而中国工商银行排在榜单的第十位,是该榜单上排名最高的中国企业。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 福布斯华人富豪榜:李嘉诚蝉联首富 王健林进前三 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

Mr Ravenscroft ended up leaving teaching to found Enabling Enterprise, a body that seeks to bridge the gulf between schools and business by taking pupils out of the classroom and giving them practical projects and visits to businesses, including UBS, the bank, and Freshfields, the law firm.
As it happened, the lenders to Seppenwolde never lost a guilder. Within weeks, they had liquidated all the East India shares and had recovered the money they had loaned.
色彩有什么作用?如果你是潘通(Pantone)——“色彩权威”和主导色彩潮流的预测者——如果你能选择每年的“年度色彩”,那么你会发现它有很多作用。包括可以决定时尚的方向(这会决定设计师购买什么颜色的面料,也就是你最终穿什么颜色的衣服),影响室内装饰,甚至影响食物的外观。不过,我从未看到哪一年的年度色彩选择像2016年这样深受政治和哲学的影响。
The paper quoted a number of students from the incoming class, who had a range of responses, including two who said it was the right approach to withdraw the offers. "I do not know how those offensive images could be defended," one student said.

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On the sales front, General Motors and Ford F -0.13% lost market share to Chrysler, which leveraged its Jeep brand to previously unimagined heights – and then, metaphorically left its heritage behind when it established legal domicile in the Netherlands and changed its name to FCA US LLC.
1961年,爱德华·索普和克劳德·香农共同研制出第一副可佩戴的电脑眼镜。1968年,伊凡·苏泽兰制造出了"达摩克里斯的利剑"。这是第一台头戴式电脑,也是今天我们所有头戴式电脑的鼻祖。1980年,史蒂夫·曼恩,被称为"头戴式电脑之父",制造出了"可穿戴式电脑",这种电子增强型的眼镜,可以与其他电脑进行无线沟通以及共享视频。接下来的几年,他在眼镜领域继续研究,而在1999年时,他制造出了一副很像谷歌眼镜的眼镜,或者说谷歌眼镜的原型。他叫它做"电子眼镜"。
2013年北京入境游客的减少可谓出乎意料。此前北京市出台了72小时过境免签等多项新政策,其目的正是为了促进旅游产业发展。
国际美容整形外科学会发布的数据显示,若考虑人口因素,韩国现在是全世界整形美容业最大的市场。
其中一个球迷站在女孩对面的球迷俯下身来想和女孩索吻,此时女孩正与她的朋友用法语交谈时,男子假装很囧地和旁边一个朋友来了一个拥抱。
该报道表示:“乐天将伤害中国人民,后果可能是严重的。”该报道发表之后,中国政府对乐天在中国的商业集团开展了多起调查。
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电影主人公名叫韦德·威尔逊,由瑞安·雷诺兹扮演。威尔逊是一个拥有超强自我修复能力的雇佣兵,擅黑色幽默。他一直在寻找那个将他投入凶残实验、几乎毁了他一生的人。《死侍》由漫威公司出品, 塑造了一个超常规的反英雄人物。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

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饰演《哈利·波特》里赫敏一角的艾玛·沃特森在2015全球十大美女榜中居第五。这位英国演员、模特、社会活动积极分子在2015年“问男人”网站评选的“九十九位最杰出女性”中夺冠,并且在《时代》杂志全球最具影响力人物评选中列第26位。
作为本田的高端品牌,讴歌去年共售出167,843辆,同比微增1.5%。而在美国这一备受豪华车品牌青睐的市场上,丰田的高端品牌雷克萨斯销量增幅为13.7%,宝马增幅为9.8%,奥迪增幅为15.2%,梅赛德斯-奔驰增幅为6.5%。
Rank: 5
2013年,勇士队曾在中国与洛杉矶湖人队打过季前赛,而森林狼队则是首次来华。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

Property prices in Hong Kong have surged over the past decade, but hit a peak in September when jitters about China’s economy took hold.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

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There are no such circuit breakers in Hong Kong where the H-share index of mainland equities fell less than 4 per cent on unremarkable volumes. One might have expected more of a bloodletting. Mainland retail investors participate in both markets — a function both of Stock Connect and a leaky system — and if you can’t sell what you would like, you sell what you can. Foreign H-share investors too might be presumed sellers, having been the most bearish on China’s economy. Yet yesterday, even as Shanghai opened down a further 3 per cent (before rebounding), Hong Kong’s H shares remained resilient.

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

我是否工作太辛苦了?花时间重新调整一下,花时间做令你愉快的事情是非常重要的。必要时释放你的欲望,从工作或学习压力中解脱出来,给自己时间去自由呼吸,即便一次只有几分的时间。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)